The growth of the Blue Bioeconomy is closely related to legislative frameworks, both international as well national. In the European Union, Member States have to observe the requirements of several EU Directives and Regulations in accordance with the chosen type of activity, as there are no specific regulations with a force of law for Blue Growth. As EU Directives are implemented via national legislation, in each country the national requirements should also be met. Considering that Blue Growth should be based on sustainable grounds, the development and potential negative environmental impacts have to be decoupled. Generally, the following themes of legislation are relevant in the Blue Bio-economy:
- use of natural resources;
- cultivation and farming, including Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture;
- animal welfare;
- compensation schemes for provided ecosystem services;
- Maritime Spatial Planning;
- production and processing;
- food/feed standards.
In addition, regulations on labour, insurance, maritime safety, construction and fisheries are also part of legal grounds significant for Blue Growth.
Below you can find links per country to relevant legislative documents - codes, acts and regulations. The documents under the provided links are in English, but please note that English versions of legislative documents are not binding and only the version in a native language has the strength of a legal document.
In the case of Germany, also the legislation of the respective federal länder should be considered (not yet included here). Documents with titles only do not have online English versions.
All English versions available as MS Word files for download here.
- Environmental Protection Law
- Animal Protection Law
- Construction Law
- Land Use Planning Law
- Law On Circulation of Animal Feedingstuffs
- Law On Specially Protected Nature Territories
- Law on the Conservation of Species and Biotopes
- Marine Environment Protection and Management Law
- Natural Resources Tax Law
- On Environmental Impact Assessment
- On the Continental Shelf and Exclusive Economic Zone of LR
- Protection Zone Law
- Spatial Planning Law
- Water Management Law
- Fishery Law
- Maritime Administration and Marine Safety Law
- Waste Management Law
All Polish legislative documents are available in Polish only. The provided links contain information about the content of the act or regulation, entering into force, source of the publication and pdf of the document.
Most of the Swedish legislation is available online in Swedish. The “Swedish Environmental Code” is translated in English by Ministry of the Environment for informative purposes.
Swedish Environmental Code
The documents listed below are in Swedish and provided links contain information about the content of the act or regulation, entering into force, source of the publication and pdf of the document.
All Russian legislation is available only in Russian. The translation of titles is informal.